Fine, M., Gleason, K., Budeva, D. (2016)
Journal of Brand Management
To enhance brand equity, firms can deploy different marketing communication elements, such as advertising, promotions, and sponsorships, which create brand awareness (i.e., recall and recognition) and ultimately positive, unique associations.
Instead of starting from scratch, though, companies often prefer to avoid costly development by acquiring existing brands. Prior research, however, has indicated that acquiring firms suffer from a “winner’s curse,” which results from the information asymmetries inherent in valuing intangible assets.
Drawing from established marketing and finance literature theory and methods, in this paper we provide evidence regarding how equity markets perceive brand acquisition strategies, and whether these strategies reduce the acquirers’ perceived risk relative to a control sample of firms.
Our results suggest that shareholders view brand acquisitions, unlike other intangible asset acquisitions, as fairly valued. Yet, the market appears to value brand acquisitions differently based on the brand’s characteristics, which also affect performance after acquisition. Furthermore, we document a decline in systematic risk following brand acquisitions.